When every business sector is running online, the risk of data leak and malware actions has been raised. It is a trustworthy regulation that comes under European Union Law on data protection and privacy. Moreover, the highly scalable part of EEA, the European Economic Area, which ensures specific control and rights over personal data, majorly simplifies the regulatory environment for international business.
Primarily GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) was launched on April 14th, 2016, and started with enforceable on May 25th, 2018. It is a regulation, not a directive; thus, binding and applicable is easy. However, flexibility is not provided. Today GDPR is even an intelligent approach model in many parts of the world outside the EU, including the UK (United Kingdom), Turkey, Mauritius, Chile, Japan, Brazil, South Korea, Argentina, and Kenya. In fact, the adoption of the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) on June 28th, 2018, is somewhat similar to GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation).
History of General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR):
The European Commission came up with a plan in January 2012 to set a plan for data protection reform over the European Union. This initiative was taken to make Europe highly productive and fit for the digital age. It wholesome take four years to enforce the agreement building the Europen business more trustworthy on global standards with solid scalability on the protection of data and personal information.
The GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) Overview:
Precisely it is a set of rules or regulations for European Union citizens to have high expandability and control over personal data. It even aims to safeguard the regulatory environment for business helping business organizations and citizens to grow with full-stack benefit from digital development for an improved economy.
This helped in keeping personal data and confidential details protected as it revolves around social media, banks, government departments, retailers, etc.GDPR helps collect, manage, and comply with personal data and lowers the risk of data breaches from misuse and fraudulent exploitations.
GDPR Apply To:
It is applicable to any business organization operating within the European Union or outside, ensuring goods or services to customers. It gives every industry a complete integrated compliance strategy within two different types of data handlers, including processors and controllers on data handling and management simultaneously.
Define Personal Data That Comes Under General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR):
Personal information or data, including name, address, photos, etc., considerably needs to be safe. Thus GDPR helps in maintaining the confidentiality of such personal data of users, as it is sensitive information of every individual that identifies them. Moreover, biometric data is also unique personal data, so it requires layers of high-tech protection.
The Different Type of Privacy Data GDPR Protects:
- Personal Data and Information ( name, address, photos, contact details, ID number).
- Biometric Data.
- Web Data ( location, IP address, cookie data, and RFID tags)
- Health and Genetic Information/Data.
- Racial or Ethnic Data.
- Political Ideas and Opinions.
- Sexual Orientation and Information.
Some Considerable Myths You Need To Know About General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR):
- GDPR does not apply to business outside the European Union: Complete myth applies globally. However, General Data Protection Regulation is concerned over the personal data of its EU citizens, which ensures of gathering and processing of data.
- Personal data is all the same: Not at all. There are different types of personal data and information, and some are highly sensitive. Thus needs to separate from another for proper management. Apart from personal information, sexual orientation, health data, biometric, ethnic data, etc., are part of GDPR.
- GDPR is not applicable to already excited and collected data: The information collected as personal data are part of certain EU GDPR regulations. So the data already collected or existing in some company or business database is part of the General Data Protection Regulation. Moreover, EU citizens or can say users have the right to rectification, erasure, restriction of processing, and data portability as collected as post-GDPR data.
- Cloud service provider is only responsible for data compliance: Nopes, of course. Apart from the regulatory business chain that starts with your business collects data. However, if you are using any third party to store and collect personal data that you definitely need GDPR. The risk of data breaching or loss for you and your cloud service provider becomes less. Thus need to comply with GDPR policy.
- Biometric data is not part of GDPR, yet other sensitive data: Not every business or store is allowed to collect biometric data. However, most government departments have the authorization to collect such sensitive data, including biometric data, iris recognition, face recognition, hand geometry, DNA matching. The purpose of identification is proclaimed within great confidentiality and predominantly needs to be treated as diplomatic, sensitive data.
- Datacenter is a must and mandatory part for Europen Union: Precisely not, this is a misconception. GDPR never requires a data center is established in the EU. In fact, the third-party countries that use collect and manage personal data also can have it.
The Bottom Line:
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is lead to businesses running over the digital era making data safe and personal information protected. It lowers the risk of assessments and data breaches. Thus helping EU citizens and business organizations worldwide to have highly integrated data processors and controllers. It ensures full scope and applicability on data compliance and tracking.