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How Does Stock Trading Work? Some tips and tricks

Most individuals have no idea how a system that can handle the dealing of one billion stocks in a single day works. Without any question, the financial markets are technical wonders. To be a successful investor,  one doesn’t need to grasp all the mechanical specifics of purchasing and selling stocks. However, one needs to have a thorough understanding of the market and its function.

Trading foreign exchange online, such as trade in Forex, is similar to trading stocks or futures where one purchase or sell one currency against another without taking possession of the actual currency. One of the most appealing characteristics of online brokerage firms is the ability to trade tiny lot sizes (as little as 1000 units) (one micro lot). The foreign exchange often entails leverage, which can be as large as 1:500 in some situations, which is considerably different from trading stocks, which does not involve leverage.

This article gives a detailed idea of other aspects of stock markets, some dos and don’ts in the whole process.


There are two basic methods.

A deal can be executed in two ways: on the market floor or electronically.

Since December 2017, there has been a major drive to transfer more trade to the networks, away from the trading floors. However, this movement has met with considerable pushback. On the other hand, the futures markets,  are conducted individually on the floors of many exchanges.

Trades on the Exchange Floor

Hundreds of individuals racing about yelling and waving to one another, chatting on phones, viewing monitors, and inputting data into terminals may be seen on one television while the market is open. It appears to be in disarray.

The trading floor settles after the business day, but depending on the type of deal, it might take up to 3 additional days of trading for a transaction to settle. Here’s a step-by-step walkthrough on how to execute a simple floor trade.

The client instructs the broker to purchase 100 shares capital of X at the current market price.

The broker’s order department submits the order to the exchange’s floor clerk.

One of the firm’s floor traders is alerted, and he or she locates another platform broker that sells 100 units of X. This is less difficult than it appears since the floor trader is aware of which floor traders create trades in specific equities.

The two agree on the price and close the sale. The broker contacts the client again with the final price when the notification procedure has been completed. Based on the stock or market, the procedure might take a few moments or even longer. The confirmation letter will arrive in the mail a few days later.

Of course, this was a basic trade; sophisticated trades and massive blocks of stock require a great deal more attention to detail.

Trades on the Internet

Some people worry whether the longer human-based organizations can continue to offer the service level required in today’s fast-paced environment. It is where online trades, forex etc come in handy. Instead of human brokers, electronic markets employ massive computer networks to connect buyers and sellers. This style of trading is preferred by many large institutional dealers, such as retirement funds, index funds, etc.

Individual investors may often obtain near-instant confirmations on their trades if that is essential to them. It also gives the client more influence over online investment by bringing them nearer to the market.

Individuals do not even have access to electronic markets. Therefore they would still need a brokerage to conduct trading. The broker connects to the network, and the software matches the order with a buyer or seller.


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